Diabetes Management and Education
Individuals who are diagnosed with diabetes, either have a complete absence of insulin (type 1 diabetes), or their insulin levels are too low (type 2 diabetes). In type 1 diabetes, an individual’s immune system attacks cells that are responsible for releasing insulin. Without insulin, their cells are unable to absorb glucose (sugar) which is critical for energy production. In type 2 diabetes, an individual’s body develops an insulin resistance. This results in the pancreas developing less insulin over time, and can lead to insulin deficiency. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, and commonly manifests in adulthood. However, its prevalence rates in children are increasing.